Domiciles

Domiciles

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This top category page lists a number of tax domiciles.

This page is also about freedom and human rights.

Human Rights

Human rights are moral principles or norms[1] for certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected in municipal and international law.[2] They are commonly understood as inalienable,[3] fundamental rights “to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being”[4] and which are “inherent in all human beings”,[5] regardless of their age, ethnic origin, location, language, religion, ethnicity, or any other status.[3] They are applicable everywhere and at every time in the sense of being universal,[1] and they are egalitarian in the sense of being the same for everyone.

…there is consensus that human rights encompasses a wide variety of rights[5] such as the right to a fair trial, protection against enslavement, prohibition of genocide, free speech

Source: Human rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Human_rights&oldid=1048926481 (last visited Oct. 20, 2021).

The concept of human rights is not a purely “Western” or modern phenomenon, but can be traced back to all epochs and regions of the world and often represents a core of religious and cultural values, even if their interpretation varied historically in some cases. The first examples of such securitized rights can be found as early as 2100 BC with the Codex Ur-Nammu from Mesopotamia, which provided for a right to life, among other things, or in 538 BC with the Kyros Cylinder from Persia. The most famous national human rights documents since the Age of Enlightenment are the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen and the U.S. Bill of Rights.
Translated from https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menschenrechte

Jurisdiction

Jurisdiction (from Latin juris ‘law’ + dictio ‘declaration’) is the legal term for the authority granted to a legal entity to enact justice. Colloquially it is used to refer to the geographical area (situs: location of the issue. In federations like the United States, areas of jurisdiction apply to local, state, and federal levels.

Jurisdiction draws its substance from international law, conflict of laws, constitutional law, and the powers of the executive and legislative branches of government to allocate resources to best serve the needs of society.
Source: Jurisdiction, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jurisdiction&oldid=1042413123 (last visited Oct. 25, 2021).

Common Law

In law, common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is the body of law created by judges and similar quasi-judicial tribunals by virtue of being stated in written opinions.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] The defining characteristic of “common law” is that it arises as precedent. In cases where the parties disagree on what the law is, a common law court looks to past precedential decisions of relevant courts, and synthesizes the principles of those past cases as applicable to the current facts. If a similar dispute has been resolved in the past, the court is usually bound to follow the reasoning used in the prior decision (a principle known as stare decisis). If, however, the court finds that the current dispute is fundamentally distinct from all previous cases (called a “matter of first impression“), and legislative statutes are either silent or ambiguous on the question, judges have the authority and duty to resolve the issue (one party or the other has to win, and on disagreements of law, judges make that decision).[8] The court states an opinion that gives reasons for the decision, and those reasons agglomerate with past decisions as precedent to bind future judges and litigants. Common law, as the body of law made by judges,[3][9] stands in contrast to and on equal footing with statutes which are adopted through the legislative process, and regulations which are promulgated by the executive branch. Stare decisis, the principle that cases should be decided according to consistent principled rules so that similar facts will yield similar results, lies at the heart of all common law systems.[10]

The common law—so named because it was “common” to all the king’s courts across England—originated in the practices of the courts of the English kings in the centuries following the Norman Conquest in 1066.[11] The British Empire later spread the English legal system to its far flung colonies, many of which retain the common law system today. These “common law systems” are legal systems that give great weight to judicial precedent, and to the style of reasoning inherited from the English legal system

Today, one-third of the world’s population lives in common law jurisdictions or in systems mixed with civil law, including[17] Antigua and Barbuda, Australia,[18][19] Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados,[20] Belize, Botswana, Burma, Cameroon, Canada (both the federal system and all its provinces except Quebec), Cyprus, Dominica, Fiji, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, Hong Kong, India, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Kenya, Liberia, Malaysia, Malta, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Trinidad and Tobago, the United Kingdom (including its overseas territories such as Gibraltar), the United States (both the federal system and 49 of its 50 states), and Zimbabwe. Some of these countries have variants on common law systems. In these countries, common law is considered synonymous with case law.[15]
Common law, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Common_law&oldid=1049349594 (last visited Oct. 25, 2021).

Civil Law

Civil law is a legal system originating in mainland Europe and adopted in much of the world. The civil law system is intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, and with core principles codified into a referable system, which serves as the primary source of law. The civil law system is often contrasted with the common law system, which originated in medieval England, whose intellectual framework historically came from uncodified judge-made case law, and gives precedential authority to prior court decisions.[1]

Historically, a civil law is the group of legal ideas and systems ultimately derived from the Corpus Juris Civilis, but heavily overlain by Napoleonic, Germanic, canonical, feudal, and local practices,[2] as well as doctrinal strains such as natural law, codification, and legal positivism.

Conceptually, civil law proceeds from abstractions, formulates general principles, and distinguishes substantive rules from procedural rules.[3] It holds case law secondary and subordinate to statutory law. Civil law is often paired with the inquisitorial system, but the terms are not synonymous.

There are key differences between a statute and a code.[4] The most pronounced features of civil systems are their legal codes, with concise and broadly applicable texts that typically avoid factually specific scenarios.[5][4] The short articles in a civil law code deal in generalities and stand in contrast with ordinary statutes, which are often very long and very detailed.[4]
Civil law (legal system), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Civil_law_(legal_system)&oldid=1043056103 (last visited Oct. 25, 2021).

Whitelist

List of countries that embraced freedom during the Covid crisis.

Bulgaria: almost no restrictions.

Bulgaria has now imposed covid passport mandates.

People will need one for indoor activities such as restaurants, shopping malls, hotels, gyms etc.

UK: freedom day 19.07.2021

Sweden: trusted its people to take the right measures themselves. Sweden removed almost all restrictions 01.10.2021.

Denmark: freedom day 11.09.2021 – no covid passports, no QR codes required, no masks and everything is open.

Norway: freedom day 25.09.2021 – removing all restrictions, no covid passport requirements.

Portugal: removing most of its restrictions 05.10.2021.

Sansibar / Tanzania: President John Magufuli declares Sansibar Corona free in June 2020. No social distancing, no masks, no tests. Just a temperature check at the airport.

Blacklist

List of countries that became Orwellian during the Covid crisis.

Australia: hunting Covid protesters down with rubber bullets and tear gas. Christian pastor arrested for holding illegal church gathering. Freedom rallies deemed “illegal”, protesters get shot with rubber bullets. Quarantine camp and army patrolling the streets. Citizens banned from leaving the country.

Australia🇦🇺

🔸Victoria law could have people who breach public health order jailed 2 years and fined $90 500

🔸Children under 15 can be fined $40 by police for not wearing mask

🔸People get shot with rubber bullets for having freedom protest

🔸”Quarantine camps” being built

Australia is threatening to seize people’s homes and raid their bank account for not paying covid fines.

Italy: hunting Covid protesters down with water cannons and tear gas.

Canada: arresting pastors for opening their churches.

Germany: government suggests that food stores introduce 2G rule which means that unvaxed people cannot buy food anymore. Bavaria: strict lockdown in 2020, FFP2 mask requirement.

Lithuania: shopping only with vax mandate.

Costa Rica: plans to introduce the 1G rule as of January 8, 2022, allowing visits to restaurants, hotels and national parks as well as participation in group activities only with full vaccination. As of December 1, operators can already decide whether to apply the 2G or 1G rule.

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