Several different mining techniques are often used to remove mineral deposits after they have been located. The technique used to remove mineral deposits depends on the types of mineral resources and their locations. In many cases, the materials that lie over a natural resource or deposit are removed in order to expose and mine the natural resource before it is processed.
Mining starts with the removal of all types of vegetation, forests, earth (soil), and rock that is the overlying mineral deposits on a site. Mining—specifically, the area strip mining technique—often leaves behind deposits of wastes called spoils or “spoil banks which are banks or heaps of excavated refuse or waste earth produced from surface mining activities. Generally speaking, mining scars and disrupts the land surface, and does long-term harm to the environment in a number of ways.
Major negative impacts of mining on the environment
1. Area strip mining…
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